ISP 215 Course Syllabus (sample)

(Note: this is a sample syllabus, from 2009; current course syllabi may differ)

ISp 215 student



syl2009.txt July 2009



PHY 405: SIGNALS, SOUND, AND SENSATION



W.M. Hartmann, 171 Giltner Hall, 

tel: 55202,  hartmann@pa.msu.edu

   Office hours: MW 10:30-11:30.



Class meeting: MWF 4:10 - 5:00 pm



Text: Signals, Sound, and Sensation 

by W.M. Hartmann, 

AIP Press (Springer-Verlag), 1997.



Demos HRW = Houtsma, Rossing, Wagenaars, 

"Auditory Demos on Compact Disc."



SCHEDULE



 1 Introduction to the course, sine waves. 



 2 Sine waves: period, frequency, amplitude, oscilloscope, 

	range of human hearing, auditory system anatomy 

	handout, peripheral auditory system, Ch.1; 1Ex 1,2,3,4. 



 3 Tonotopic encoding, sine wave tone color, sum of sine waves.

	Complex variable review, Ch.2; 2Ex 1,2,11. 



Expts. Ch. 1,2: Range of hearing for sine tones. Bekesy tracking. 

	The zero-crossing counter and how to fool it; 

	The reciprocal-reading frequency counter.

	Interference between two loudspeakers.



 4 Power, RMS values, crest factor. Linear systems - electrical,

 	mechanical and acoustical, Ch.3 pp 24-28; 3Ex 2,4. 



 5 Decibels I: Relative and absolute, electrical and acoustical,

	sound level meters - weighting scales, Ch.3 pp 28-33 and 39-40; 

	3Ex 7,12.



 6 Decibels II: Adding signals, spectrum level, spectrum analyzer,

	Ch.3 pp 40-50; 3Ex 21,24. 



Expts. Ch. 3: Measure 10:1 pulse with diverse AC voltmeters, including true 

	RMS meters. Sound level meters - A and C scales, fast and slow.

	Mix tone and noise, power in octave bands of white and pink noise.



 7 Loudness level, intensity difference limens, Weber Law, 

	Ch.4 pp 59-63; 4Ex 4,5,12. 



 8 Loudness - sones, Fechner Law, Stevens Law, Hellman-Hellman

	model, Ch.4 pp 63-71; 4Ex 1,3,8. 



 9 Loudness summation across frequency, temporal integration,

	Ch.4 pp 72-78; 4Ex 9,10. 



Expts. Ch. 4: 2-dB changes, Loudness scaling HRW 7, 8. Doubling experiment.

	Temporal integration, Loudness and bandwidth, HRW 3.



10 Fourier series I: Definition of the series, projecting 

	functions, spectrum, amplitude and phase, Ch.5 pp 81-92; 5Ex 1,2a,5.

	[Handout operating instructions for HP spectrum analyzer.]



11 Fourier series II: Symmetry, computation, Ch.5 pp 92-100; 5Ex 3,7,11. 

	[Handout table of periodic functions and Fourier series.]



12 Fourier series III - Exercises: exponential form, optimum

	finite series, 5Ex 14,17,19,21. 



Expts. Ch. 5: HP 3580A spectrum analyzer and standard functions.

	Sound Forge analyzer. Audible harmonics with sharp bandpass filter.

	Computer synthesis of waveforms. Gibbs phenomena. 



13 EXAM 1 - Chapters 1 through 5.



14 Perception of periodic tones: idealized musical tones, peripheral 

	analysis, pulsation threshold method, Ch.6 pp 117-123;	6Ex 3. 



15 Auditory frequency analysis, masking, formant structure of

	vowels, hearing out harmonics, Duifhuis pitch, segregation and

	integration of tones, template matching, Ch.6 pp 123-140; 6Ex 1,2,4.



16 Pitch and tone color of periodic tones, missing fundamental,

	pitch and chroma, Ch.6 pp 140-148; 6Ex 5,6. 

	[handout on pitch effects per HRW.]



Expts. Ch. 6: Pulsation threshold HRW 11 and pulsed Tchaikovsky.

	Tonotopic harmonic analysis HRW 1, enhancement and unmasking.

	Harmonic chant. Hykes - Windhorse Riders.

	McAdams FM demo. Mistuned harmonic segregation.

	Virtual pitch [HRW 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 27.

	Tuning dichotic octaves.

	

17 The Dirac delta function, Ch.7 pp 150-157; 7Ex 2,4,5,6,7.



18 The Fourier integral I: Definition, even and odd functions,

	Ch.8 pp 161-169; 8Ex 1,2,3. 



19 The Fourier integral II: Time shifting, derivatives and 

	integrals, convolution, Ch.8 pp 169-173; 8Ex 5,6,8,9.



20 The Fourier integral III: Introduction to correlation functions

	and filtering, periodic functions, the lattice sum, large and 

	small scales, Ch.8 pp 173-183; 8Ex 16,17,19. 



Expts. Ch. 8: Harvard tape 5 - Shepard illusions.

	PC Convolution program - generate by computer - see on 'scope - 

	    hear through phones.

	

21 Filters I: Transfer function and impulse response, time invariant

	systems, first order filter and step function response, 

	Ch.9 pp 195-209; 9Ex 2,3,4. [Demo speech spectrogram ]



22 Filters II: Second order filter: transfer functions and impulse

	response, resonance, Q-factor, Ch.9 pp 209-214; 9Ex 5,7,11.[Demo

	state variable filter - graphic and parametric equalizer, Q,

	ringing, resonance, phase shift. Music through a filter.]



23 Filters III: Transversal filters, all-pass filters, Huggins

	pitch, Ch.9 pp 214-216 and 218-222; 9Ex 8,13.



Expts. Ch. 9: Speech spectrogram. State-variable filter, resonance, Q, ringing,

	phase shifts. Graphic and parametric equalizers. Music in octave bands.

	Construct an all-pass filter with op amps and Huggins pitch.



24 REVIEW Chapters 6 through 9.



25 EXAM 2 Chapters 6 through 9.



26 Auditory filtering I: cochlear tuning as measured in the

	auditory nerve, rectangular filters and the critical ratio,

	roex filter, Ch.10 pp 238-248; 10Ex 2,4,9. 



27 Auditory filtering II: critical bands, gammatone filter,

	subjective consequences of critical bands, Ch.10 pp 249-258;

	10Ex 7,8,10. 



Expts. Ch. 10: Critical bands in masking, HRW 2, 3, 9. Roughness.

	Stream segregation - van Noorden, and HRW 19. Masking growth

	with level. Tuning curves with pulsation threshold.



28 Musical scales, octaves and cents, Ch.11 pp 264-274; 11Ex 1,2. 



29 Consonance and harmony, stretched scales, Ch.11 pp 275-279; 11Ex 5,6,7. 



Expts. Ch. 11: HRW 18, 28. Music of Harry Partch. Stretched partials HRW 31.



30 Pitch of sine tones, Ch.12 pp 282-298; 12Ex 1,3.



Expts. Ch. 12: Intensity and masking effects [HRW 12, 14]. Octave enlargement

	[HRW 15, 16]. Diplacusis, JND and HRW 17 - pulsed sines vs matching

	vs FM detection.



31 Power spectrum, time reversed signals, onset transients,

	Ch.13 pp 302-314; 13Ex 1,3. 



32 Uncertainty and the pitch of short tones, spectral rake,

	Ch.13 pp 317-328; 13Ex 7,8. 



Expts. Ch. 13:  Echoes in HRW 35. Pitch vs duration - HRW 13. Alternating

	pulses. Turning on a tone.



33 Correlation functions, Wiener Khintchine relation,

	periodic functions, Ch.14 pp 332-341; 14Ex 2,3,5.



34 Parseval's theorem, noise bands, symmetry, cross-correlation, 

	autocorrelation and pitch, Ch.14 pp 341-348 and

	pp 352-355; 14Ex 8,10,12. 



Expts. Ch. 14: Binaural effects HRW 37 and 38. Demo cross-correlation for 

	noise band through KEMAR. Incoherence detection.



35 Delay-and-add filtering, repetition pitch, Ch.15 pp 361-368; 15Ex 2,3. 



Expts. Ch. 15: Repetition pitch, HRW 26. Reflections in rooms, flutter echo.



36 Beats, Ch.17 pp 393-398; 17Ex 1,2. 



37 Amplitude modulation, balanced modulation, the frequency

	domain grating, Ch.17 pp 399-408; 17Ex 4,5,10. 



Expts. Ch. 17: Jeffress beats demo. Amplitude modulation and balanced 

	modulation with analog multiplier. Modulation transfer function.



38 REVIEW Chapters 10,11,12,13,14,15,17.



39 EXAM 3 Chapters 10,11,12,13,14,15,17.



40 Frequency modulation I: narrowband FM, phasor comparison

	with AM, QFM, wide-band FM, Ch.19 pp 430-442; 19Ex 1,2. 



41 Frequency modulation II: wide-band FM continued, detection

	of FM by human listeners, Ch.19 pp 442-446; 19Ex 3,5,6.



Expts. Ch. 19 & 20: Program MIXMOD - spectrum of narrow band and wideband 

	FM and mixed modulation.



42 Sampled signals I: quantization, Nyquist criterion, 

	undersampling and aliasing, Ch.21 pp 468-477; 21Ex 1,3,6.



43 Sampled signals II: sample and hold, jitter, DFT, FFT, 

	oversampling, Ch.21 pp 477-486; 21Ex 4,5,9.



Expts. Ch. 21:  Harvard 8, speech quantization. Program ALIAS shows aliasing.



44 Binaural physiology: Physics Today article. brainstem, midbrain. 

	Jeffress model and alternatives.



45 Binaural psychoacoustics: Interaural time and level differences. 



Expts. Binaural: ITD and ILD difference limens. Azimuth estimation. 

	Binaural beats. 



46 GENERAL REVIEW



FE 5:45-7:45, FINAL EXAM - Cumulative. 



Grading: Class participation, homework problem sets and assigned 

	paragraphs, hourly exams, final exam.